Who does Down syndrome affect the most?

Down syndrome can affect individuals of any race, ethnicity, or socio-economic status. Individuals with Down syndrome typically suffer the effects of the condition the most.

It is a genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21, which results in intellectual and physical developmental delays. People with Down syndrome may experience a range of symptoms, including:

  • intellectual disability
  • developmental delays
  • facial features that are distinct but typical of the condition
  • an increased risk of certain medical conditions.

Other persons may experience additional challenges when caring for a person with Down syndrome. These include:

  • Families with limited financial resources: People with Down syndrome often require specialized medical and educational support, which can be expensive.
  • Single-parent households: Caring for a person with Down syndrome can be a demanding and time-consuming task, and can be especially challenging for single parents who may not have the support of a partner.
  • Older parents: Older parents may have difficulty keeping up with the physical demands of caring for a person with Down syndrome, as well as the added stress and emotional toll of raising a child with a disability.
  • Rural communities: People living in rural areas may have limited access to specialized medical care, educational resources, and support groups for individuals with Down syndrome and their families

While the effects of Down syndrome can be challenging, many families with a member with Down syndrome find joy and fulfillment in their relationships, and are able to access the resources and support they need to ensure their loved one with Down syndrome can lead a happy and healthy life.


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