How is UIF Calculated

The Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) in South Africa is a government fund that provides short-term relief to workers when they become unemployed or are unable to work due to various reasons such as illness, maternity, adoption leave, or the death of a contributor. The calculation of UIF contributions and benefits is based on certain rules and percentages outlined by the South African government.

UIF Contributions Calculation

  1. Contribution Rate:
  • Both employers and employees contribute to the UIF.
  • The contribution rate is 2% of the employee’s remuneration.
  • The employee contributes 1%, and the employer contributes 1%.
  1. Remuneration:
  • Remuneration includes all payments in money or in kind made or owing to an employee.
  • However, there is a threshold, and contributions are only calculated on remuneration up to a certain limit. As of the latest update, the threshold is ZAR 17,712 per month.
  1. Contribution Calculation:
  • If an employee earns ZAR 17,712 or less per month, the UIF contribution is calculated on their total remuneration.
  • If an employee earns more than ZAR 17,712 per month, the UIF contribution is calculated on the capped amount of ZAR 17,712. For example:
  • For an employee earning ZAR 15,000 per month:
    • Employee contribution: ( 1\% \times 15,000 = ZAR 150 )
    • Employer contribution: ( 1\% \times 15,000 = ZAR 150 )
    • Total UIF contribution: ( 150 + 150 = ZAR 300 )
  • For an employee earning ZAR 20,000 per month:
    • Employee contribution: ( 1\% \times 17,712 = ZAR 177.12 )
    • Employer contribution: ( 1\% \times 17,712 = ZAR 177.12 )
    • Total UIF contribution: ( 177.12 + 177.12 = ZAR 354.24 )

UIF Benefits Calculation

  1. Benefit Amount:
  • The amount of benefits an employee can claim depends on their average salary over the last six months and the amount of time they have been contributing to the UIF.
  • The benefit is a percentage of the average remuneration and is determined on a sliding scale from 38% to 60%. Lower-income earners receive a higher percentage.
  1. Calculation Example:
  • The exact calculation involves using a benefit scale, which can be complex, but here is a simplified approach:
    • If an employee has been contributing for four years and becomes unemployed, they are eligible for 238 days of benefits (one day for every six days worked, up to a maximum of 238 days).
    For example:
  • Employee with an average salary of ZAR 10,000 per month:
    • Assuming they fall in the middle of the sliding scale, they might receive 45% of their salary.
    • Monthly benefit: ( 45\% \times 10,000 = ZAR 4,500 )
    • Total benefit over the maximum period (238 days or approximately 8 months): ( 4,500 \times 8 = ZAR 36,000 )
  1. Claim Types:
  • Unemployment: If an employee is laid off or their contract ends.
  • Maternity: Up to 121 days for maternity leave.
  • Illness: If an employee is unable to work for more than 14 days due to illness.
  • Adoption: If an employee adopts a child under the age of two.
  • Death: Dependents can claim if the contributor passes away.


  • Contributions: Both employee and employer contribute 1% of the employee’s remuneration, up to a capped amount.
  • Benefits: Calculated based on average salary, contribution period, and a sliding scale percentage (38% to 60%).

To get precise figures or more specific details, consulting the official UIF guidelines or a financial advisor is recommended.