Fibroids, also known as uterine fibroids or leiomyomas, are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They are composed of smooth muscle cells and fibrous tissue and can range in size from small seedlings to large masses that can distort the shape of the uterus. Fibroids are common, affecting up to 80% of women by the age of 50. However, most women with fibroids do not experience any symptoms and may not even be aware of their presence.

When fibroids do cause symptoms, they can include heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain or pressure, frequent urination, constipation, and infertility. The exact cause of fibroids is unknown, but they are thought to be influenced by hormonal factors, as they tend to grow in response to estrogen and progesterone. Treatment for fibroids depends on the severity of symptoms and the individual patient’s goals. Options include medication to control symptoms, minimally invasive procedures to shrink or remove the fibroids, and surgery to remove the uterus (hysterectomy).

What Causes Fibroids

Signs and Symptoms of Fibroids

Best Treatment Option for Fibroids

How serious are fibroids?

What happens if fibroids are not removed?

Do fibroids go away on their own?