Diverticulitis is a condition that affects the large intestine (colon). It is characterized by inflammation and infection of small pouches that protrude out from the colon wall, known as diverticula. These pouches can become inflamed when they become clogged with stool, leading to infection and inflammation of the surrounding tissue. This can cause a range of symptoms including severe abdominal pain, fever, constipation or diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.

Diverticulitis is typically treated with antibiotics to clear the infection, as well as changes to the patient’s diet, such as avoiding solid foods and taking in clear liquids, to help alleviate symptoms and give the colon time to heal. In more severe cases, hospitalization may be required for more intensive treatment, such as IV antibiotics and pain management. In some instances, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected portion of the colon. To reduce the risk of developing diverticulitis, it is important to maintain a healthy diet that is high in fiber, stay hydrated, and get regular exercise.

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