Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder that results in pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen, a frequent urge to urinate and sometimes a burning sensation during urination. It is usually caused by a urinary tract infection (UTI), which is an infection of the urinary system caused by bacteria. Most commonly, cystitis affects women and is often caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract.

Cystitis is usually treated with antibiotics to clear the infection, but there are also self-care measures that can help alleviate symptoms such as drinking plenty of water, avoiding irritants such as alcohol and caffeine, and taking over-the-counter pain medication. In some cases, cystitis can recur frequently and may lead to more serious complications such as kidney infections, so it is important to seek prompt treatment and take steps to prevent UTIs from recurring. Drinking plenty of water, wiping from front to back after using the toilet, and urinating frequently can help prevent UTIs. If you experience recurrent cystitis, it is important to discuss this with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

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