Best Treatment Options for Ganglion Cyst

There are several treatment options available for a ganglion cyst. The choice of treatment will depend on the size, location, and symptoms of the cyst. Some of the most common treatment options include:

Observation: If the ganglion cyst is small, painless, and not causing any functional problems, your healthcare provider may recommend monitoring it without any treatment. In many cases, ganglion cysts can go away on their own without any intervention.

Immobilization: If the ganglion cyst is causing pain or discomfort, your healthcare provider may recommend immobilizing the affected joint with a splint or brace to help relieve symptoms.

Aspiration: Your healthcare provider may use a needle to drain the fluid from the cyst. This is known as aspiration. Aspiration can provide temporary relief of symptoms, but it may not prevent the cyst from coming back.

Injection: In some cases, your healthcare provider may inject a corticosteroid medication into the cyst to help reduce inflammation and relieve symptoms.

Adapting footwear: If the cyst is on a foot or ankle, shoes should not rub or irritate it. It may help to wear soft or open shoes, insert padding, or lace the shoes in a different way.

Surgery: If other treatments are not effective or the ganglion cyst is causing significant functional problems or pain, your healthcare provider may recommend surgery to remove the cyst. Surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia.


After surgery, the person should keep the area covered and prevent it from accidentally bumping. Other tips include:

  • following the doctor’s aftercare recommendations
  • wearing a splint for a few days, if the cyst was on the hand or wrist
  • using over-the-counter pain relief, if necessary
  • raising the extremity to reduce the risk of swelling

If discomfort persists, a person should see their doctor.

It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of each treatment option with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for your individual situation.