At what age does congenital heart disease begin?

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a condition that is present at birth. It is caused by problems with the heart’s structure or function that develop before a baby is born. CHD can affect the heart’s chambers, valves, blood vessels, or electrical system. It is one of the most common types of birth defects, affecting about 1% of all live births worldwide.

The symptoms of CHD can vary depending on the specific condition and can range from mild to severe. Some babies with CHD may not have any symptoms at birth and may not be diagnosed until later in life. Therefore, regular check-ups with a pediatrician are important to detect any potential issues early.

It’s also worth noting that some CHD can be diagnosed during pregnancy through a fetal echocardiogram, which is an ultrasound of the baby’s heart. This allows for early detection and planning for delivery and postnatal care.

Overall, CHD is a condition that begins at birth and can be diagnosed at any age, but early detection can lead to better outcomes.